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Home Islamic information The first caliph Hazrat Abu Bakr (RA) Biography and character (Part 1)

The first caliph Hazrat Abu Bakr (RA) Biography and character (Part 1)

The first caliph Hazrat Abu Bakr (RA) Biography and character (Part 1)

Hazrat Abu Bakr’s father’s name is Abdullah bin Abi Qahafa bin Amir bin Umra bin K bin Saadi bin Tamim. In Murah, you are related to Hazrat Muhammad. Your mother’s name is Salma bint Sakhar bin Ka’b bin Saad. She was the cousin of Abu Qahafa and was known as Umm al-Khair. Your father Abdullah’s name is Usman. He was called Abdul Kaaba in Jahiliyyah.

Hazrat Muhammad named him Abdullah. Hazrat Abu Bakr’s name was Atiq, but Allama Jalaluddin Suyuti writes in Tarikh al-Khalifa that people agree that Atiq was not his name but his title. So, according to Hadith Sharif, you were free. Some say because there is nothing in your lineage that can be considered a defect. So your name became famous because of your ancient lineage. The entire Muslim Ummah agrees that your title is Siddiq. Because you fearlessly affirmed Hazrat Muhammad and made Siddiq necessary for you. According to Miraj, he showed steadfastness against the infidels and spoke of Prophet Muhammad.

Birth

birthday

Hazrat Abu Bakr, the famous and first caliph of the Rashidah Caliphate, was born in 573 AD in Makkah, in the Quraysh tribe. Hazrat Abu Bakr (RA) was one and a half years younger than Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH). He belonged to the Banu Tamim, a prominent family of the Quraysh tribe. In the sixth pashtu, your genealogy goes back to Hazrat Muhammad.

Early life before Islam

Hazrat Abu Bakr’s family was prominent during the period of Jahiliyyah. You were very sensible from the start. Because even before Islam, your morals were free from alcohol, gambling, theft, robbery, etc., so your good morals impressed people. You were looked upon with great respect in Makkah. In the political system, trust in wealth was in your own house. Before Islam, you used to trade. Most of them were related to the cloth business. You also knew how to read and write, and you were a very knowledgeable person. Because the decision in this case depends on you. He has been a friend of Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH) since his youth. That is why you hated idolatry, and that is why friendship became the reason for your acceptance of Islam.

Seerah & Character( Life after Islam)

When Khatam-ul-Nabieen Hazrat Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) presented the claim of prophethood, Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddiq was the first among men to accept Islam. Hazrat Muhammad used to say that people hesitated for some reason in accepting Islam, but Abu Bakr was the first to believe in me without hesitation. After entering the circle of Islam, you devoted all your wealth and time to Allah and Prophet Muhammad.

Through the preaching of Hazrat Abu Bakr, Hazrat Uthman, Zubair, Abdul Rahman bin Auf, and Sat bin Abi Waqqas, his mother, Majda Umm Al Khair, were friends and companions of Radwan Allah. Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddiq was a friend and fellow traveler of Hazrat Muhammad on his journey to Madinah and on the night of his migration to Ghar Thaor. He actively participated in the construction of Masjid Nabawi and contributed both his money and time to all the food. On the occasion of the Battle of Tabuk, he did not leave anything in his house except the name of Allah and His Messenger, and he took everything and showered it at the feet of Hazrat Muhammad. In Hijri 9, you were appointed as Amir Judge. At the time of Khatam-ul-Nabieen Hazrat Muhammad’s death, Siddiq Akbar was chosen to be the trustee of the Prophet’s Mosque.

Hazrat Abu Bakr had a close relationship with Hazrat Muhammad. It was a great honor that you received. As a reward for your Islamic services, during the lifetime of Hazrat Muhammad, all the Companions looked upon you with respect and esteem. This is the reason why he chose Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddique as the first caliph. Some important aspects and topics of your biography are as follows:.

Prophet’s Companion

Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddique, like the Last Prophet, Hazrat Muhammad, peace be upon him, was also big-hearted and full of reluctance, truthfulness, and piety. The beautiful combination of being characterized by good manners made him, may God bless him and grant him peace, enter into the special companions of the Holy Prophet, may God bless him and grant him peace. Therefore, first of all, you accepted Islam and got this honor.

On the occasion of the migration to Madinah, he received the honor of being the companion of the Prophet, and after that, he was an equal participant in all the battles in Madinah with Khatam al-Nabieen. Hazrat Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her) narrates about the Prophet’s companion: “In Makkah, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) used to visit his house every morning and evening.” Hazrat Abu Bakr participated with him in most of the campaigns in Madinah, but from the time he accepted Islam until his death, he remained a close companion of his. He (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said, “Abu Bakr, you are the first person from my ummah who entered Paradise. You became my friend in the pool of Kausar, just as you were my friend in the cave of Thor.”

Knowledge and wisdom

Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddique (RA) was superior to all the Companions in the interpretation of the Qur’an, science and hadith, jurisprudence, and politics due to the companionship of the Prophet. After the death of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), whatever religious and political matters were discussed, he resolved them with his intelligence, wisdom, and understanding. Takfeen Khatam-ul-Nabieen Hazrat Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) resolved in the light of the words of the Prophet. The problem of Bagh Fadak was solved very wisely. He dealt with problems such as editing and collecting the Qur’an, apostasy, desertion, refusal of zakat, and rebellion with his courage and faith. Insight was the result.

Simplicity

Abu Bakr Siddique lived a simple life. They wore thick, rough clothes. After assuming the burden of the caliphate, he was in such a state that he used to spend many days of starvation.

One day, when Prophet Muhammad saw Abu Bakr and Umar in a state of hunger, he said, “I am also very hungry like you.”

Bravery

Bravery

Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddiq (RA) was a great example of bravery and courage. Don’t let fear and cowardice come near you. Do not leave the companionship of the Prophet (PBUH) in times of danger and difficulty. Even at the time of Hijrah, Khatam-ul-Nabieen were the guardians of Hazrat Muhammad (peace be upon him).

When the Islamic army fled there due to the sudden attack of Khalid bin Waleed in the Battle of Uhud. Even now, the last of the Prophets, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. Stood firmly by his side to protect him. . In this way, in the battle of Hunain, he stood firm in the face of sudden arrows from the enemy. In this way, the problems and difficulties that arose after becoming the caliph. Such as those who claimed to exploit Prophethood. Those who denied Zakat, those who fought against Salah. The suppression of Salah, and other defensive measures, showed great courage and bravery. Any kind of slippage or cowardice could not hinder your steps.

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